One of Brooks’s big arguments in The Well Wrought Urn is that you can’t summarize (or paraphrase) a poem and retain its meaning. The poem says something. Book Source: Digital Library of India Item : Cleanth ioned. The Well Wrought Ursi ALSO BY CLEANTM BROOKS: Modern Poetry end the Trodltioas CLEANTH BROOKS The Wei! Wrought Urn STUDIES IN THE.

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They run throughout the poem as if they were motifs.

The Well Wrought Urn : Cleanth Brooks : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming : Internet Archive

Any account of the poem may very well te with a con- sideration of the nature of the tears. I hasten to add that this sense of a somewhat frenetically whipped-up enthusiasm is dramatic- ally quite appropriate.

And if we find it difficult to associate Dr. And it has been impossible for them to be wise: Her rationalism is thd sincere. This ckeanth all very well, I can hear someone say; but even if we grant that the realist and projective doctrines are not neces- sarily in opposition, what warrant have we for believing that Wordsworth believed they were not in opposition?

There is a sense, of course, in which every man is caught be- tween them. I could even hope that, if the worst came to the worst and the account of poetic structure itself had to be re- jected, some of the examples might survive the rejection as in- dependent readings of the poems concerned. Lady Macbeth brpoks all pity; she is willing to unsex herself; and her continual taunt to jMacbeth, when he falters, is that he is acting like a baby—not like a man.

Indeed, the poem implies that we mtist have it both ways. The number of such references can hardly be accidental; and the babe turns out to be, as a matter of fact, perhaps the most powerful sy mbol in the traged y. The children exemplify the attitude urrn eternity which the other philosopher, the mature philosopher, wins to with diffi- culty, if he wins to it at all. To that she bends, to that her Eyes she rears. They, saved by ignorance, cannot comprehend his sav- ing knowledge.


The Well Wrought Urn | work by Brooks |

But they cannot be justified in the conventional account. For the beaux of Hampton Court, though in truth they do not need to dread a mortal wound, can, and are prepared to, die. Again, ironically, the Weird Sisters who have given Macbeth, so he has thought, the priceless gift of knowledge of the future, have given the real future to Banquo.

It is the experience which the cosmetic advertisers take at a level of dead seriousness, and obviously Pope is amused to have it taken seriously. It reasserts the line of development which has been maintained throughout the earlier stanzas: The days that are no more are deep and wild, buried but not dead— below the surfeice and unthought of, yet at the deepest core of being, secretly alive.

But he can, he suggests, at least hear the mirth of the blessed creatures for whom the earth still wears that glory.

The Cromwell example is, of course, the boldest item and makes most demand upon our acceptance. So it is, of course. He becomes the typical tragic protagonist when he yields to pride and kybris. What does tradi- tional poetiy communicate? Blindness and darkness in this poem are not the easy and expected antitheses to vision and light.

I wish to thank the editors of the magazines mentioned and the directors of the Princeton University Press for their courtesy in extending permission for the publi- cation of these materials here. And, again, I have in mind some such matter as this: Belinda must defeat the men; she must avoid that debacle in which The Knave of Diamonds tries his wily Arts, And wins oh shameful Chance! But to continue with the dressing-table scene: Presumably, Macbeth had entered upon his course from sheer personal ambition.

Garrod, sensing this ironic under- current, seems to interpret it as an element over which Keats was not able to exercise full control. But the real victims of the ma- neuver, if it blinded us to his poem, would be ourselves. Say what strange Motive, Goddess! Have these two been chosen because they are modest and ordinary, or because they are in reality superlatively rare? Studies in the Structure of Poetry is a collection of essays by Cleanth Brooks.


It is both; and it is strong because of its very weakness. The lines are great poetry. And this too is part of what the poem says, though it is said indirectly, and the dull or lazy reader will not realize that it has been said at all. But from this point on, the effect of the prophecy is to hurry Macbeth into action and more action until he is finally precipitated into ruin.

Both Mirth and Melancholy are solitary, silent inhabitants of the breast, that neither receive nor transmit communi- cation; no mention is therefore made of a philosophical friend, or a pleasant companion. The sylphs do represent the supernatural, though the supernatural reduced, of course, to its flimsiest proportions. Perhaps her interest in classifying and cata- loguing the imagery of the plays has obscured for her some of Hie Hokeci Bsilie and She Oeak of Manliness 31 the larger and more important relationships.

The Well Wrought Urn

Loosely or tightly organized? They had their name thence. We can even anticipate the crux of the poem in these terms: The conclusion of the poem is the working out of the various tensions—set up by whatever means—by propositions, wrught, symbols.

Her eyes seen in her tears, tears in her eye; Both crystals, where they view’d each other’s sorrow. I have remarked that the mountain nymph and the cherub tend to merge into the same figure. The connection with The glory and the freshness of a dream of Stanza I is obvious, but I think few have noticed that tiie expected relation between the two is neatly reversed.

Whatever incidental fun Pope may have had with tlie epic con- ventions, his choice of the mock-epic fits beautifully his general The Case f Miss Arebelle Femar 95 problem of wrkught down the rape to its proper insignificance.

But the pathos is not ad- ventitious; the scene ties into the inner symbolism of the play.