Exsurge Domine: Johann Eck: helped compose the papal bull Exsurge Domine (June ), in which Pope Leo X condemned 41 of Luther’s theses and . The bull threatening Luther with excommunication, Exsurge Domine (“Arise, O Lord”), was published on June 15, It represented the culmination of several . Exsurge Domine. A bull issued in June by Pope Leo X, threatening the excommunication of Luther. Source for information on Exsurge Domine: The.
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Exsurge Domine – Wikipedia
exskrge It was you that enlightened and illuminated the Church by your doctrine and by a martyrdom like Peter’s. Yet, with the advice of our brothers, imitating the mercy of almighty God who does not wish the death of a sinner but rather that he be converted and live, and forgetting all the injuries inflicted on us and the Apostolic See, we have domune to use all the compassion we are capable of.
We would have shown him clearer than the light of day that the Roman pontiffs, our predecessors, whom he injuriously attacks beyond all decency, never erred in their canons or constitutions which he tries to assail.
In part, this evasion was simply an unavoidable consequence of the fact that Luther did not fully articulate his mature theological position until some time after this bull had been issued. The breach between Luther and the papacy was finalized on 3 Januarywhen on account of Luther’s failure to comply, the Pope issued the bull Decet Romanum Pontificem to declare that he had been formally excommunicated.
Exsurge Domine |
Their talkativeness, unsupported by the authority of the Scriptures, as Jerome says, would not win credence unless they appeared to support their perverse doctrine even with divine testimonies however badly interpreted.
They will incur these penalties if they presume to uphold them in any way, personally or dlmine another or others, directly or indirectly, tacitly or explicitly, publicly or occultly, either in their own homes or in other public or private places. By listing them, we decree and declare that all the faithful of both sexes must regard them as condemned, reprobated, and rejected.
If he had done this, we are certain he would exsurhe changed in heart, and he would have recognized his errors. We have even offered him safe exsurrge and the money necessary for the journey urging donine to come without fear or any misgivings, which perfect charity should cast out, and to talk not secretly but openly and face to face after the example of our Savior and the Apostle Paul.
The censure of certain theological propositions in this bull continues to be a source of controversy. The Roman Pontiff, the successor of Peter, is not the vicar of Christ over all the churches of the entire world, instituted by Christ Himself in blessed Peter. He would not have found domjne these errors in the Roman Curia which he attacks so viciously, ascribing to it more than he should because of the empty rumors of wicked men. Indeed immediately after the publication of this letter these works, wherever they may be, shall be sought out carefully by the ordinaries and others [ecclesiastics and regulars]and under each and every one of the above penalties shall be burned publicly and dlmine in the presence of the clerics and people.
Some of these errors we have decided to include in the present document; their substance is as follows:.
Some articles of John Hus, condemned in the Council of Constance, are most Christian, wholly true and evangelical; these the universal Church could not condemn. Others disagree with these assessments and advance the alternative view that a censure which may be heretical, but may also be merely “scandalous”, “offensive to pious ears” or “seductive of simple minds”, cannot be eomine as an infallible utterance of the Magisterium.
It is a most truthful proverb and the doctrine concerning the contritions given thus far is the more remarkable: Purgatory cannot be proved from Sacred Scripture which is in the canon.
Luther MonumentWashington D. By listing them, we decree and declare that all the faithful of both sexes must regard them as condemned, reprobated, and rejected. It is certain that it is not in the power of the Church or the pope to decide upon the articles of faith, and much less concerning the laws for morals or for good works.
Vatican II — A. Luther himself received an official copy bearing the papal seal in early October of that year. Therefore let Martin himself and all those adhering to him, and those who shelter and support him, through the merciful heart of our God and the sprinkling of the blood of our Lord Jesus Christ by which and through whom the redemption of the human race and the upbuilding of holy mother Church was accomplished, know that from our heart we exhort and beseech that he cease to disturb the peace, unity, and truth of the Church for which the Savior prayed so earnestly to the Father.
Printed copies of this bull bore the Latin title Bulla contra errores Martini Lutheri et sequacium Bull against the errors of Martin Luther and his followersbut it is more commonly known by its Latin incipitExsurge Domine Arise O Lord. Let him abstain from his pernicious errors that he may come back to us.
Pope Leo X Threatens Luther – Exsurge Domine
Having done so, Luther is reported to have said, “Because you have confounded the truth [or, the saints] of God, today the Lord confounds you. He then notes that the practice of burning heretics poses a “serious ethical problem”  and thus Cleenewerck finds in Exsurge Domine support for his conclusion that “the idea that Papal Infallibility can be presented as independent of any conciliar consent and as ‘the constant belief of the universal Church’ is rejected.
By burning these works, Luther signaled his decisive break from Catholicism’s traditions and institutions. But if they believe and trust that they will attain grace, then this faith alone makes them pure and worthy.
We have even offered him safe conduct and the money necessary for the journey urging him to come without fear or any misgivings, which perfect charity should cast out, and to talk not secretly but openly and face to face after the example of our Savior and the Apostle Paul. All quoted statements were to be condemned as a whole in globo as either heretical, scandalous, false, offensive to pious ears, or seductive of simple minds.
Witness to this is the blood of Germans shed so often in wars against the Bohemians. Luther, along with his “supporters, adherents and accomplices,” were given sixty days from the publication of this bull in which to desist “from preaching, both expounding their views and denouncing others, from publishing books and pamphlets concerning some or all of their errors.
Archived from the original on Arise, O Lord, and judge your own cause. His other teachings perceived as problematic were deemed to warrant lesser degrees of theological censure, including the designations “scandalous” or “offensive to pious ears”.
Therefore let Martin himself and all those adhering to him, and those who shelter and support him, through the merciful heart of our God and the sprinkling of the blood of our Lord Jesus Christ by which and through whom the redemption of the human race and the upbuilding of holy mother Church was accomplished, know that from our heart we exhort and beseech that he cease to disturb the peace, unity, and truth of exxurge Church for which the Savior prayed so earnestly to the Father.
Views Read Edit View history. We ask him earnestly that he and his supporters, adherents and accomplices desist within sixty days which we wish to have divided into three times twenty days, counting from the publication of this bull at the places mentioned below from preaching, both expounding their views and denouncing others, from publishing books and pamphlets concerning some or all of exdurge errors.
He had received secret instructions permitting him to include more names under the bull’s threat of exsurgf at his discretion. Luther should be given a hearing and a chance to defend himself before being excommunicated as a heretic. For six kinds of men indulgences are neither necessary nor useful; namely, for the dead and those about to die, the infirm, those legitimately hindered, and those who have not committed crimes, and those who have committed crimes, but not public ones, and those who devote themselves to better things.
Luther himself tossed a copy of the bull into the flames. A good work done very well is a venial sin.